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Gene Cloning: Basic, Requirements & Steps

Author: Tahmina Mojumder This article discusses Recombinant  DNA  and  gene cloning, plasmid  and  phase vectors, restriction enzymes, restriction maps and their properties, recombinant selection. Recombinant DNA Recombinant DNA is the common name  for a segment of  DNA  that has been created by combining at least two  fragments from two different …

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Thermodynamics: A Relationships Between Heat and Other Forms of Energy (Part 1)

The study of the flow of warmth or the other sort of energy into or out of a system because it undergoes a physical or chemical transformation, is named Thermodynamics. In other word relationship between heat, work, temperature, and energy. In broad terms, thermodynamics deals with the transfer of energy from one place to a different and from one form to a …

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Carbohydrates: The Central to Nutrition

Carbohydrates are fundamentally the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. Though often it slander in trendy diets, carbohydrates which is one of the basic food groups which are important to a healthy diet. A carbohydrate is a biomolecule containing of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, normally with …

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Hydrangea: A Natural Acid Base Indicator & Wonder of Colors

Hydrangea is one of the world’s most popular ornamental flowers that conceals a bouquet of biological and biochemical surprises. The iconic “snowball” shaped blooms of Hydrangea macrophylla show magical color variation from soil to soil. In this article, incredibly interesting facts about the natural pH indication and color variation of …

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Protein and Peptides: An Inevitable Source of Nutrition (Part 1)

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues. Proteins perform a vast array of functions within organisms, including catalysing metabolic reactions, DNA replication, responding to stimuli, providing structure to cells, and organisms, and transporting molecules from one location to another. Proteins differ from one another primarily in their sequence of amino acids, which …

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Lipids and Fatty Acids: An Inescapable Organic Compounds

In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a macro-biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents. Non-polar solvents are typically hydrocarbons used to dissolve other naturally occurring hydrocarbon lipid molecules that do not (or do not easily) dissolve in water, including fatty acids, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, and phospholipids. …

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