Cryptogams

Equisetum: The Scouring Rushes

Equisetum: The Scouring Rushes Equisetum commonly known as ‘Horsetails’ or ‘Scouring rushes’. It comprises about 25 species and is worldwide in distribution. Except This genus in vascular plants, there is no living genus in Equisetaceae family that reproduces by spores rather than seeds. Taxonomic position: Division: Sphenophyta Class: Sphenopsida Order: …

Read More »

Bryophyta: Classification, Distribution & Characteristics

Bryophyta is a division of non-flowering plants or embryophytes (land plants) characterized by rhizoids rather than true roots and having little or no organized vascular tissue and showing distinct alternation of generations: gamete bearing forms and spore bearing forms. Like all land plants (embryophytes), bryophytes have life cycle with alternation …

Read More »

Sphaerocapales: The Engaging Bottle Liverworts

Bryophyte,traditional name for any non-vascular seedless plant.They are the nearest existing relative of early terrestrial plants.They can be found in all ecosystems of earth . Bryophytes are an unceremonious group consisting of three divisons the  liverworts ,  hornworts  and mosses . Here we will discuss about Sphaerocarpales, which is known as …

Read More »

Lycopodium: The Creeping Pines

Systematic Position Division: Lycophyta / Lepidophyta Class: Eligulopsida Order: Lycopodiales Family: Lycopodiaceae Genus: Lycopodium Also known as club mosses, Lycopods, creeping pines or tailing pines. Ligule: A membranous outgrowth projecting from the leaf sheath. On the basis of ligule, Lycophyta has 2 classes: Eligulopsida: Lycopodium phylloglossum Liqulopsida – Isoetales, Selaginellales …

Read More »

Classification of Pteridophytes

The term Pteridophyta was first coined by Haeckel. Eichler (1883) divided the plant kingdom into Cryptogamia and Phanerogamia. The Cryptogamia was further divided into Thallophyta. Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Engler (1909) included the Bryophyta and Pteridophyta under Embryophyta. Due to discovery of the fossil plants, the classification of Pteridophytes has undergone …

Read More »