Cryptogams

Lycopodium: The Creeping Pines

Systematic Position Division: Lycophyta / Lepidophyta Class: Eligulopsida Order: Lycopodiales Family: Lycopodiaceae Genus: Lycopodium Also known as club mosses, Lycopods, creeping pines or tailing pines. Ligule: A membranous outgrowth projecting from the leaf sheath. On the basis of ligule, Lycophyta has 2 classes: Eligulopsida: Lycopodium phylloglossum Liqulopsida – Isoetales, Selaginellales …

Read More »

Classification of Pteridophytes

The term Pteridophyta was first coined by Haeckel. Eichler (1883) divided the plant kingdom into Cryptogamia and Phanerogamia. The Cryptogamia was further divided into Thallophyta. Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Engler (1909) included the Bryophyta and Pteridophyta under Embryophyta. Due to discovery of the fossil plants, the classification of Pteridophytes has undergone …

Read More »

Anthoceros: The Hornworts

Systematic position Division: Bryophyta Class: Anthoceropsida Order: Anthocerotales Family: Anthocerotaceae Genus: Anthoceros Habit and Habitat The name ‘Anthoceros’ means ‘flower horn’ and refers to the characteristics horn-shaped saprophyte. Anthocerosis a genus of hornworts in the family Anthocerotaceae. With about 250 species, it is widely distributed in the tropical and temperate regions …

Read More »