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Introduction to & Basic Concepts of Plant Breeding

Plant breeding started with sedentary agriculture, particularly the domestication of the first agricultural plants, a practice which is estimated to date back 9,000 to 11,000 years. Initially, early human farmers selected food plants with particular desirable characteristics and used these as a seed source for subsequent generations, resulting in an …

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The Age of Bacteria

Planet Earth is about 4.55 billion years old. A sense for this achingly long time grew only slowly throughout the nineteenth century as geological and biological inquiry unravelled the pattern and processes of the planet’s natural environment. The 4.55 billion figure derives from the decay of radioactive forms of elements …

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Relation of Climate and Biodiversity and its threat

Climate & Biodiversity ■ Regional climate interacts with regional biota & substrate to produce large, easily recognizable community units called “Biomes“. ■ Climatic climax biodiversity has been found in “Biome“. ■ In biomes life forms reflects major features of climate & determines structural nature of habitats for animals. ■ Provides …

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