Tag Archives: physiology

Polysaccharides: The Long Chain of Simple Sugars

Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide unit bound together by glycosidic linkage. Example: starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin etc. Characteristics of polysaccharide On hydrolysis, they yield monosaccharide units which are usually similar. D glucose is the commonest component of polysaccharide. They have high molecular weight. They …

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Disaccharides: Bonding of Two Simple Sugars

A disaccharide, also called double sugar, is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides (simple sugars) are joined by a glycosidic linkage. Like monosaccharides, disaccharides are soluble in water. Three common examples are sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Disaccharides are one of the four chemical groupings of carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides). The most common …

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Photosynthesis: Turning Light Energy into Chemical One

Photosynthesis is a chemical reaction that takes place inside a plant, producing sugar type food for the plant to survive. Carbon dioxide, water and light are all needed for photosynthesis to take place. It happens in the leaves of a plant and the other green portions as well. Photosynthesis is a …

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Alkaloids: A Secondary Metabolite

All of us might have heard about nicotine, cocaine and morphine. These are some bad world’s words that we always keep us away from. However, in biochemistry, a beautiful science where every natural compounds are discussed, these bad words along with some beauties have taken a very special sub-field known …

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