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Cell Types & Tissue System: Complex Tissue

The complex tissue consists of more than one type of cells which work together as a unit. Complex tissues help in the transportation of organic material, water, and minerals up and down the plants. That is why it is also known as conducting and vascular tissue. Collenchyma always absent. Composed of more than one types of cells. Types …

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Aerobic Respiration: Part-2

Good to know This series of reactions are also called the TriCarboxylicAcid (TCA) cycle, for the three carboxyl groups on its first two intermediates, or the Krebs cycle, after its discoverer, Hans Krebs (1937). NADH and FADH2 are reduced electron carriers. TCA cycle The name citric acid cycle can also …

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Aerobic Respiration: Part-1

Good to know Plants respire all the time, whether it is dark or light. They photosynthesise only when they are in the light.   Conditions Photosynthesis vs respiration Overall result Dark Respiration No photosynthesis Oxygen taken in Carbon dioxide given out Dim light Photosynthesis rate equals respiration rate Neither gas …

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Fibre Yielding Plants

Fibre may be defined generally as a strand that is very long in comparison to its width. Or, it is a special type of elongated cells with thick walls corresponding to small cavities with pointed ends. • The walls of the fibre contains lignin and cellulose. • They may occur …

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Gymnosperm: Introduction, Characteristics & Classification

Gymnosperms are seed-producing plants that do not produce any covering surrounding the seed i.e. the seed remains naked. The word ‘Gymnosperm’ originates from Gk. ‘gymnos’ meaning ‘naked’ and Gk. ‘sperma’ meaning ‘seeds’. A Greek botanist named Theophrastus first used the term ‘Gymnosperm’ in 300 BC in his book ‘Enquiry into …

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Rubber: Cultivation And Processing

Introduction Rubber is a polyterpene consisting of a long chain of thousands of isoprene units. Isoprene is a five carbon compound and a basic unit of rubber. The isoprenes are joined together end to end to form a giant molecule called polymer. The word rubber was first used by Priestly …

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Oil Yielding Plants

 Oil Oils are liquid at room temperature (18-24 C) and usually contain oleic acid. On the other hand, fats are solid at room temperature and contain stearic or palmitic acid.   Definition Oils and fats are water insoluble substances called lipid, consisting of a mixture of triglycerides and containing also …

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Introduction Of Paleobotany

 Paleobotany Paleobotany is a study of preserve of vestiges (remaining) of geological past. More comprehensively, it is a part of paleontology or paleo-biology which deals with recovery and identification of plant remains. Paleobotany can be defined or approached from the botanical point of view where emphasis is given on plant …

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Methods OF Fossilization

Process of fossilization Mainly there are two theories how plants become fossil. 1. Infiltration theory 2. Molecule by molecule replacement theory 1. Infiltration theory Infiltration theory is based on the fact that mineral matters are infiltrated and precipitated in the cell wall in the buried plant and plant parts undergoing …

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Methods Of Vegetation: Quantitative

Methods of Calculation of Quantitative Data   Quantitative data for individual species is calculated by the following methods: 1) Frequency = Number of sampling units in which the species occurred/Total number of sampling units studied Relative frequency = Frequency of a sp./Total frequency of all spp. X 100 2) Density …

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