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Heterospory and Seed Habit

Heterospory The phenomenon of the development of two types of spores (differing in size, structure and function) by the same species is known as heterospory. The two different sizes are smaller spores also known as microspores and the larger spores  also known as megaspores. Rashid (1999) listed nine genera as …

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Riccia: A Common Liverwort


The simplest members of the order Marchiantales are found in the family Ricciaceae. There are roughly 140 species in the family. They fall under the Tesselina, Ricciocarpus, and Riccia genera. There are only one species each for the first two. The genus Riccia encompasses the remainder. The Italian botanist F. …

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Lower Fungi: Classification of Lower Fungi

Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast

Fungi are considered to be one of the most interesting sets of organisms. Some fulfills the basic necessities such as food, medicine, industrial raw materials and some succumbs the living entities to death.According to legend, three and a half millennia ago, the Greek hero Perseus accidentally assassinated his grandfather Acrisius, …

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